It is also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). Multiple Personality Disorder is a neurosis in which the personality (affecting them – name, age, gender, mood, memory, vocabulary) is divided into two or more separate parts. Each of these becomes influential and inactivates other personalities from time to time to control behaviour. One of the symptoms of DID is memory loss. There are also some movies in Hindi and English about it. “Unknown” is one of the Hindi (South) pictures.
- Dissociative Identity Disorder.
- Dissociative amnesia.
- Depersonalisation disorder.
What Is Dissociative Identity Disorder?
Dissociative identity disorder is a severe form of dissociation, a mental process which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. Dissociative identity disorder is thought to stem from factors that may include trauma experienced by the person with the disorder. The dissociative aspect is considered to be a coping mechanism — the person literally shuts off or dissociates themselves from a situation or experience that’s too violent, traumatic, or painful to assimilate with their conscious self.
What is dissociative amnesia?
Dissociative amnesia is a condition in which a person cannot remember important information about their life. This forgetting may be limited to certain specific areas (thematic) or may include much of the person’s life history and/or identity (general).
In some rare cases called dissociative fugue, the person may forget most or all of their personal information (name, personal history, friends), and may sometimes even travel to a different location and adopt a completely new identity. In all cases of dissociative amnesia, the person has a much greater memory loss than would be expected in the course of normal forgetting.
Dissociative amnesia is one of a group of conditions called dissociative disorders. Dissociative disorders are mental illnesses in which there is a breakdown of mental functions that normally operate smoothly, such as memory, consciousness or awareness, and identity and/or perception.
Dissociative symptoms can be mild, but they can also be so severe that they keep the person from being able to function. They can also affect relationships and work activities.
What is Depersonalisation disorder?
Depersonalisation disorder is marked by periods of feeling disconnected or detached from one’s body and thoughts (depersonalization). The disorder is sometimes described as feeling like you are observing yourself from outside your body or like being in a dream. However, people with this disorder do not lose contact with reality; they realize that things are not as they appear. An episode of depersonalization can last anywhere from a few minutes to (rarely) many years. Depersonalisation also might be a symptom of other disorders, including some forms of substance abuse, certain personality disorders, seizure disorders, and certain other brain diseases.
Depersonalisation disorder is one of a group of conditions called dissociative disorders. Dissociative disorders are mental illnesses that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, consciousness, awareness, identity, and/or perception. When one or more of these functions is disrupted, symptoms can result. These symptoms can interfere with a person’s general functioning, including social and work activities and relationships.
How do you know if you have Multiple Personality Disorder?
- When two distinct personalities are formed in you – who will have different views, ideas and characteristics.
- Suddenly there will be a radical change in your own consciousness.
- Often there are differences in one’s personal history, memories and activities and one not being able to remember them properly.
Scientists have not yet found the real cause. However, its treatment is possible.
Dissociative disorders treatment may vary based on the type of disorder you have, but generally include psychotherapy and medication.
Psychotherapy is the primary treatment for dissociative disorders. This form of therapy, also known as talk therapy, counselling or psychosocial therapy, involves talking about your disorder and related issues with a mental health professional. Look for a therapist with advanced training or experience in working with people who have experienced trauma.
Your therapist will work to help you understand the cause of your condition and to form new ways of coping with stressful circumstances. Over time, your therapist may help you talk more about the trauma you experienced, but generally only when you have the coping skills and relationship with your therapist to safely have these conversations.
Although there are no medications that specifically treat dissociative disorders, your doctor may prescribe antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications or antipsychotic drugs to help control the mental health symptoms associated with dissociative disorders.
See More about Multiple Personality Disorder on YouTube